Have you ever heard the term parts of speech? It refers to the different types of words we use in sentences.
All words are categorised into different groups or parts of speech based on:
- their meaning (the things or ideas they refer to)
- their form (what they look like)
- their function (what jobs they do in sentences).
What are the parts of speech?
In English, there are eight different parts of speech:
- nouns (words that name people, places, things or ideas)*
- pronouns (words that take the place of nouns)
- adjectives (words that describe nouns)
- verbs (words that indicate the action in a sentence)
- adverbs (words that tell us more about verbs)
- prepositions (words used with nouns or pronouns to indicate direction, location, or time)
- conjunctions (words that join two or more words, phrases and clauses)
- interjections (words used to show excitement or emotion).
Examples in context
- The cat (noun) sat (verb) on (preposition) the mat (noun).
- They (pronoun) dived (verb) excitedly (adverb) into (preposition) the river (noun).
- Mount Everest (noun) is (verb) the highest (adjective) mountain (noun) in (preposition) the world (noun).
- He (pronoun) lifted (verb) me (pronoun) up (preposition).
- It (pronoun) is (verb) a tiny (adjective) place (noun).
- Watch out (interjection)!
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